It is Washington’s birthday. He was born in 1732. George Washington‘s Birthday is a United States federal holiday celebrated on the third Monday of February in honor of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and concurrent with Presidents’ Day. Washington’s Birthday is commonly referred to as Presidents’ Day (sometimes spelled President’s Day). Both Lincoln’s and Washington’s birthdays are in February.
For the Church of Scientology, today is Celebrity Day. This is a major holiday for Scientology’s many Celebrity Centres, highlighting their achievements and celebrating their existence. The date is specifically the anniversary of the opening of the Celebrity Centre International in Los Angeles in 1970, which, in the Church’s words, is “dedicated to the rehabilitation of the culture through art“.
For the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, today is World Thinking Day. World Thinking Day is celebrated annually on February 22 by all Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. It is also celebrated by Scout and Guide organizations and some boy-oriented associations around the world. It is a day when they think about the their “sisters” (and “brothers“) in all the countries of the world, the meaning of Guiding, and its global impact. Most recently, World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts has selected an important international issue as the theme for each year’s World Thinking Day, and selected a focus country from each of their five world regions. Girl Guides and Girl Scouts use these as an opportunity to study and appreciate other countries and cultures, and equally increase awareness and sensitivity on global concerns. Donations are collected for the Thinking Day Fund which supports projects to help Girl Guides and Scouts around the world. February 22 was chosen as it was the birthday of Scouting and Guiding founder Robert Baden-Powell and of Olave Baden-Powell, his wife and World Chief Guide. Other Scouts celebrate it as B.-P. Day or Founders’ Day.
Some of the writers born on February 22nd include:
James Russel Lowell (1819), Francis Pharcellus Church (1839), Robert Baden-Powell (1857), Jules Renard (1864), Albin Prepeluh (1881), Hugo Ball (1886), Olave Baden-Powell (1889), Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892), Seán Ó Faoláin (1900), Morley Callaghan (1903), Ranko Marinković (1913), Henry Reed (1914), Jane Bowles (1917), Ádám Bodor (1936), Joanna Russ (1937), Ishmael Reed (1938), Richard North Patterson (1947), James Blunt (1974), and Shamari Fears (1980).
A hundred and sixty years ago today Washington University in St. Louis was founded as Eliot Seminary in St. Louis Missouri. Exactly two years later the Pennsylvania State University was founded in State College, Pennsylvania as the Farmers‘ High School of Pennsylvania on February 22, 1855.
Jefferson Davis was officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia on February 22, 1862. He had previously been inaugurated as a provisional president on February 18, 1861.
On February 22, 1879 the first of many of the 5 and dime Woolworth stores was opened in Utica, New York by Frank Woolworth.
On this day in 1899, Filipino forces led by General Antonio Luna counterattacked for the first time against the American forces during the Philippine-American War. The Filipinos failed to regain Manila from the Americans.
Three years in a row important World War II events occurred on the twenty-second of February. In 1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory became inevitable. In 1943 members of White Rose were executed in Nazi Germany. In 1944 American aircraft mistakenly bombed the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer which resulted in 800 dead just in Nijmegen.
The first Daytona 500 was won on this day in 1959 by Lee Petty.
On the twenty-second of February in 1974 the Organization of the Islamic Conference summit began in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries attended and twenty-two heads of state and government participated. It also recognized Bangladesh.
The Corona reconnaissance satellite program was declassified on February 22, 1995. The Corona program was a series of American strategic reconnaissance satellites produced and operated by the Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Science & Technology with substantial assistance from the U.S. Air Force. The Corona satellites were used for photographic surveillance of the Soviet Union (USSR), the People’s Republic of China, and other areas beginning in June 1959 and ending in May 1972.
It was on this day in 1997 that scientists in Roslin, Scotland announced that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned. She was born on July 5, 1996 and lived until the age of six, at which point she died from a progressive lung disease. She has been called “the world’s most famous sheep” by many sources including BBC and Scientific American. The cell used as the donor for the cloning of Dolly was taken from a mammary gland, and the production of a healthy clone therefore proved that a cell taken from a specific part of the body could recreate a whole individual. She was cloned by Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and colleagues at the Roslin Institute and the biotechnology company PPL Therapeutics near Edinburgh in Scotland. On Dolly’s name, Wilmut stated “Dolly is described from a mammary gland cell and we couldn’t think of a more impressive pair of glands than Dolly Parton’s”.
When reporter/crime writer Russell Monroe finds his former lover brutally slain in an apparently ritual style, he suspects a connection to other recent murders in the county. Somehow, the case never appears on the police blotter – although Russell saw his former colleague, homicide chief Marty Parish, leaving the scene of the crime – and soon all evidence of the death disappears. Meanwhile, a string of killings continues in the same gruesome style, and Russell becomes the contact of the deranged man responsible. As Monroe gets dangerously entangled in this deadly intrigue, he must fight for his life while watching his wife fight for hers against a terminal brain tumor.