Friday, March 1, 2013

A room without books is like a body without a soul.”
Marcus Tullius Cicero

Happy March to our readers. Today is the 60th day of 2013. Time flies when you’re having fun. Are you having fun so far this year?

Today is National Reading Day. Read Across America is an initiative on reading created by the National Education Association. One part of the project is National Read Across America Day, an observance in the United States held on the school day closest to March 2, the birthday of Dr. Seuss.

March is American Dietetic Association‘s National Nutrition Month,  American Red Cross Month, and Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month.

March’s birthstones are aquamarine and bloodstone.  These stones symbolize courage. Its birth flower is the Daffodil. The zodiac signs for the month of March are Pisces (astrology) (until March 19) and Aries (astrology) (March 20 onwards).

Self-injury Awareness Day (SIAD) is a grassroots annual global awareness event / campaign on March 1, where on this day, and in the weeks leading up to it, some people choose to be more open about their own self-harm, and awareness organizations make special efforts to raise awareness about self-harm and self-injury. Some people wear an orange awareness ribbon, writeLOVEon their arms, draw a butterfly on their wrists in awareness of “the Butterfly Project” wristband or beaded bracelet to encourage awareness of self-harm. The goal of the people who observe SIAD is to break down the common stereotypes surrounding self-harm and to educate medical professionals about the condition.

March first is National Horse Protection Day.  This holiday was created to raise awareness through public education about the plight of horses in America, the abuse, neglect, homelessness and slaughter and to promote adoption events around the nation on March 1st to help unwanted horses find a forever home.

March first is also National Pig Day, which is an event held annually in the United States to celebrate the pig. The holiday celebration was started in 1972 by sisters Ellen Stanley and Mary Lynne Rave. According to Rave the purpose of National Pig Day is “to accord the pig its rightful, though generally unrecognized, place as one of man’s most intellectual and domesticated animals.” The holiday is most often celebrated in the Midwest. National Pig Day includes events at zoos, schools, nursing homes, and sporting events around the United States. It is also recognized at “pig parties” where pink pig punch and pork delicacies are served, and pink ribbon pigtails are tied around trees in the pigs’ honor.

Some of the writers born on March 1st include:

Martial (40), William Dean Howells (1837), Giles Lytton Strachey (1880), Oskar Kokoschka (1886), Ryūnosuke Akutagawa (1892), Moriz Seeler (1896), Ralph Ellison (1914), Robert Lowell (1917), Richard Wilbur (1921), Péter Kuczka (1923), Arnold Drake (1924), Jean-Edern Hallier (1936), Alan Thicke (1947), Steven Barnes (1952), Nevada Barr (1952), Mary Lou Lord (1965), Jason V Brock (1970), Éowyn (1979), Elan Sara DeFan (1983), and Justin Bieber (1994).

Also born today was Wilford Woodruff, Sr., in 1807. He was the fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Woodruff’s large collection of diaries provides an important record of Latter Day Saint history, and his decision to formally end the practice of plural marriage among the members of the LDS Church in 1890 brought to a close one of the most difficult periods of church history.

George Grossmith passed away on this day in 1912. He was an English comedian, writer, composer, actor, and singer whose performance career spanned more than four decades. As a writer and composer, he created 18 comic operas, nearly 100 musical sketches, some 600 songs and piano pieces, three books and both serious and comic pieces for newspapers and magazines. Grossmith is best remembered for two aspects of his career. He created a series of nine memorable characters in the comic operas of Gilbert and Sullivan and he wrote, in collaboration with his brother Weedon, the 1892 comic novel The Diary of a Nobody. Grossmith was also famous in his day for performing his own comic piano sketches and songs, both before and after his Gilbert and Sullivan days, becoming the most popular British solo performer of the 1890s.

On this day in 752 BC, Romulus, the legendary first king of Rome, celebrated the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following The Rape of the Sabine Women.

Twenty-three Huguenots were massacred on March 1, 1562 by Catholics in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.

The city of Rio de Janeiro was founded March 1, 1565.

On March 1, 1642, Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), became the first incorporated city in the United States.

It was on this day in 1692 that Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba were brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.

Sweden introduced its own Swedish calendar on March 1, 1700, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverted to the Julian calendar on this daye in 1712, and introduced the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753.

The first United States census was authorized March 1, 1790.

Ohio was admitted as the 17th U.S. state on March 1, 1803.

Justice Samuel Chase was acquitted on March 1, 1805, at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.

A convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convened on this day in 1836 in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.

President John Tyler signed a bill on March 1, 1845 that authorized the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.

The state of Michigan formally abolished capital punishment on the first of March in 1847.

Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state on March 1, 1867. Lancaster, Nebraska was renamed Lincoln and became the state capital.

It was on this day in 1872 that Yellowstone National Park was established as the world’s first national park.

E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York began production on arch 1, 1873 of the first practical typewriter.

Nikola Tesla gave the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri 120 years ago today.

On this day in 1896, the Battle of Adowa occurred in which an Ethiopian army defeated an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo—Ethiopian War.

Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity on March 1, 1896.

The Australian Army was formed on this day in 1901.

The worst avalanche in United States history buried a Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington on March 1, 1910. Ninety-six people were killed.

One hundred and one years ago today Albert Berry made the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.

Ninety-nine years ago today the Republic of China joined the Universal Postal Union.

The U.S. government released the unencrypted text of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public on this day in 1917.

March 1st Movement began in Korea on this day in 1919. The March 1st Movement, or Samil Movement, was one of the earliest public displays of Korean resistance during the occupation of the Korean Empire by Japan. The name refers to an event that occurred on March 1, 1919, hence the movement’s name, literally meaning “Three-One Movement” or “March First Movement” in Korean. It is also sometimes referred to as the Manse Demonstrations.

On March 1, 1932 the son of Charles Lindbergh, Charles Augustus Lindbergh III was kidnapped.

The Hoover Dam was completed on this day in 1936. On the same day that the Hoover Dam was completed a strike occurred aboard the S.S. California which led to the demise of the International Seamen’s Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.

On March 1, 1941, W47NV (now known as WSM-FM) began operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station in the U.S..

The International Monetary Fund began financial operations on March 1, 1947. IMF is an international organization that stated goal was to stabilize exchange rates and assist the reconstruction of the world’s international payment system post World War II. Countries contribute money to a pool through a quota system from which countries with payment imbalances can borrow funds temporarily. Through this activity and others such as surveillance of its members’ economies and policies, the IMF works to improve the economies of its member countries. The IMF describes itself as “an organization of 188 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.” Its headquarters are in Washington, D.C., United States.

Sixty years ago today Joseph Stalin suffered a stroke and collapsed. He died four days later.

As part of nuclear testing, the Castle Bravo was detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean on March 1, 1954. This 15-megaton hydrogen bomb resulted in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.

On March 1, 1954, Puerto Rican nationalists attacked the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives.

The International Air Transport Association finalized a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization on March 1, 1956.

President of the United States John F. Kennedy established the Peace Corps. on this day in 1961.

Uganda became self-governing and held its first elections on March 1, 1961.

On this day in 1962, American Airlines Flight 1 crashed on take off in New York.

Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashed on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet‘s surface on this day in 1966.

On March 1, 1971, a bomb exploded in a men’s room in the United States Capitol. The Weather Underground claimed responsibility. The Weather Underground Organization (WUO), commonly known as the Weather Underground, was an American radical left organization founded on the Ann Arbor  of the University of Michigan. Originally called Weatherman, the group became known colloquially as the Weathermen. Weatherman first organized in 1969 as a faction of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) composed for the most part of the national office leadership of SDS and their supporters. Their goal was to create a clandestine revolutionary party for the overthrow of the US government.

Seven were indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice on the first of March in 1974.

On March 1, 1989, the United States became a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland, in 1886.

On this day in 1990, Steve Jackson Games was raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Yahoo! Was incorporated March 1, 1995.

Fifteen years ago today Titanic became the first film to gross over $1 billion worldwide.

On this day in 2002, Operation Anaconda began in eastern Afghanistan as part of the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan.

Also on this day in 2002 the Envisat environmental satellite successfully reached an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (8.5 tons).

Ten years ago today management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.

Also in 2003 on this date the International Criminal Court held its inaugural session in The Hague.

The US Surpreme Court ruled on March 1, 2005 that the execution of juveniles found guilty of murder is unconstitutional marking a change in “national standards”.

Seven years ago today the English-language Wikipedia reached its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.

On the same day that Wikipedia reached its millionth article, tornadoes broke out across the southern United States, killing at least 20. Eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.

The Tempest

Today’s highlighted title is The Tempest by William Shakespeare. We have a couple different versions of this in stock including the mass market paperback Folger version.  Like many of Shakespeare’s works, this is often a required reading assignment for students. This edition is about 218 pages long.

the-world-is-a-book-advice-quote

Disclaimer: Much of the information in this blog is taken directly from Wikipedia and Amazon.   Images have been taken from various sources around the World Wide Web.

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